Printing industry trouble again: halt production green taxes again to come
Printing and dyeing industry environmental renovation halt production work is not over, followed by “green taxes” again to come. Environmental protection tax legislative work has started formally implemented means from green taxes and an important step towards the! Perhaps in the next few years, as pollution bear the brunt of the renovation of textile printing and dyeing industry, I’m afraid to worry about how to pay the green taxes.
On January 26, 2016 the state council general office for implementation of the central final accounts report 2014 resolution and deliberations, sent a letter to the general office of the standing committee of the National People’s Congress. Introduction to the general office of the state council, at present, our country current 18 tax, personal income tax, enterprise income tax and the car has been completed; Real estate tax, environmental protection tax legislation has been launched, actively cooperate with the legislative affairs office to do a good job of environmental protection tax law draft submitted to the state council for deliberation, etc.
Environmental protection tax legislative work has started formally implemented means from green taxes and an important step towards the! Perhaps in the next few years, as pollution bear the brunt of the renovation of textile printing and dyeing industry, I’m afraid to worry about how to pay the green taxes.
From the perspective of a “draft” levy object, green taxes according to the monitored (emission) taxpayers and not monitored (sewage) taxpayer classification management. So-called monitored (sewage) taxpayer, thermal power, steel, cement, electrolytic aluminium, coal, metallurgy, building materials, mining, chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, light industry, brewing, papermaking, fermentation, sugar, vegetable oil processing) 14 key pollution industry, textile, leather and other taxpayers and other monitored in the field of sewage.
The main sources of textile industry
1, the biggest harm is waste water.
Wastewater is one of the main textile industry environment. Textile enterprises is one of a large industrial water and wastewater services department. Mainly includes the printing and dyeing wastewater, chemical fiber textile wastewater production wastewater, wool washing wastewater, hemp degumming wastewater and five kinds of chemical fiber pulp wastewater. Printing and dyeing wastewater are the main sources of the textile industry. According to incomplete statistics, the domestic printing and dyeing enterprises discharge amount every day about 300 ~ 4 million t, dyeing factory for every 100 m of fabric processing, will produce waste water quantity is 3 ~ 5 t.
Discharge of waste water containing the entrainment of fiber raw material itself, and used in the manufacturing process of slurry, oil, dye and chemical additives, etc., has the following characteristics: (1) the change of COD, and high up to 2000 ~ 3000 mg/L, BOD is as high as 2000 ~ 3000 mg/L. (2) the high pH, such as sulphur dyes and VAT dye wastewater pH can reach more than 10. (3) the chromaticity, high organic matter content, contains a lot of dyes, auxiliaries and pulp, waste water viscosity. (4) the change of water temperature of water, and due to the changes of processing varieties, output, which can lead to the water temperature generally in more than 40 ℃, which affect the treatment effect of wastewater.
Traditional printing and dyeing process will produce large amounts of toxic water, some toxic dyes in the waste water after treatment or processing aid adhesion on the fabric, have a direct impact on human health. Such as azo dyes, formaldehyde, fluorescent whitening agent and softening agent allergenic; Poly (vinyl alcohol) and polypropylene class size not easily biodegradable; Chlorine bleach pollution is serious; Some are carcinogenic aromatic amine dye; With pollution of heavy metals in dye; Formaldehyde content of all kinds of finishing agents and auxiliaries are toxic to the human body, etc.
3, atmospheric pollution.
According to 2011 data show that the exhaust gas of textile industry mainly from about twenty thousand boilers in the industry, the total steam boiler capacity is about 60000 t, the smoke emission standard of boiler accounts for about 85% of the total. The vast majority of the boiler (including the part of the raw coal) in coal as fuel, the coal contains a certain amount of sulfur, the acidity in the combustion process a large number of combustion gas, sulphur dioxide and soot, pollute the environment. Another main textile waste gas emission source from textile production process. Textile industry mainly comes from the chemical fiber production process exhausts especially viscose fiber production process. Used in chemical fiber production process a lot of carbon disulfide and hydrogen sulfide as the synthetic raw material, not completely because of process and process control, directly led to the part of the emissions.
4, and noise pollution.
Noise pollution is especially cotton textile industry textile industry is one of the serious problem of cotton textile factory due to the extensive use of shuttle loom, 90 ~ 90 db noise inside the plant, and the ear of the maximum allowed for only 85 db noise. Parts of our country actual situation of the cotton textile factory workshop noise detection showed that the environmental noise of textile workshop on average in 100 ~ 105 db.
From the “draft” tax standards, following the discharge levy standard and related problems about adjusting notice after improving discharge levy, further improve the levy. The standards for water pollutants and air pollutants per pollution equivalent to 1.4 yuan and 1.2 yuan respectively, most of the pollution levy doubled, and at the same time stressed to distinguish the collection standard of heavy metals and other pollutants.
In general, the textile industry is a high degree of dependence on resources, energy industry. According to statistics, China’s textile industrial energy consumption and water consumption accounts for about 4.0% of the national rules on industrial total energy consumption, total water accounted for 2.4%. Wastewater also represents a significant proportion, accounting for about 12% of the national rules on enterprise of industrial wastewater emissions. Textile is a basic industry of a textile industry and shoulder the heavy burden the task of energy conservation and emissions reduction. If our country also environmental protection tax may be defined as the energy tax, tax on communication, pollution tax and resource tax and so on, will inevitably cause certain influence to the development of the textile industry. And once the environmental protection tax legislation, its implementation will be unstoppable. For textile enterprises first, and the most effective way is to keep up with the trend of the history, actively carry out energy conservation and emissions reduction work, reduce the energy consumption and reduce pollutants discharge, in order to reduce the cost of environmental protection tax.